Gatchalian urges TESDA to address persistent jobs-skills mismatch among tech-voc graduates

Gatchalian urges TESDA to address persistent jobs-skills mismatch among tech-voc graduates

By Ernie Reyes

MANILA — While the Technical Education and Skills Development
Authority’s (TESDA) annual budget has increased over the past years,
Senator Win Gatchalian says the agency should address the persistent
high rates of jobs-skills mismatch among Technical-Vocational
Education and Training (TVET or tech-voc) graduates.

Using TESDA’s Individual Graduate Tracer Surveys for the years 2013,
2014, and 2017, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimates that
occupational mismatch rates hover around 60% to 80% in the years
mentioned.

In 2017, 70% of respondents had jobs which were not the occupational
expectations of their training in school.

Assessing occupational group mismatch is one of the matching
techniques that compares the expected and actual post-training
occupation of the TVET graduate.

For example, individuals who completed their Shielded Metal Arc
Welding National Certificate Level II (NC II) are expected to be
employed as welders. If these same individuals are hired as restaurant
staff, they are experiencing training-job mismatch.

Over the past six years, TESDA’s budget grew by about 19.71% on
average. For Fiscal Year (FY) 2022, TESDA’s proposed budget is P14.7
billion, which is P94.8 million or 0.65% higher compared to the 2021
budget.

“This is quite concerning considering that the budget of TESDA has
skyrocketed over the last 10 years. At this time, TESDA is receiving
P14 billion more or less, on average, pero may mga report pa rin
tayong nakukuha na 70-80% ng mga graduates ng TESDA ay nakakuha ng
trabaho na hindi angkop sa kanilang naging pagsasanay o training,”
Gatchalian said during a Senate panel hearing on TESDA’s proposed 2022
budget.

The ADB has also flagged that from 2014-2020, enrollment in
enterprise-based tech-voc training (EBT) programs, which are conducted
within companies, account for only 4% of total enrollment.

While some tasks and skills may become redundant and irrelevant
because of rapid technological change and the industry 4.0, EBT offers
an edge because it is more aligned with rapidly evolving workplace and
workshop needs, the ADB noted.

“Enterprise-based training, for me, is an exciting method because it’s
a way for enterprises and for businesses to train based on their
needs, and a person can work in their factories or their businesses
immediately after being trained. The enterprise-based method, in
simple terms, is apprenticeship, and I hope that we can increase
this,” Gatchalian said. (ai/mtvn)

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